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A Penguin Here, a Penguin There

Penguins are birds that cannot fly. We all know that. They are also aquatic and spend half of their lives in the ocean. But how many of us think there is just one type of penguin? As a matter of fact, there are 17 different types or species of penguins in the world and most of them live in the Southern Hemisphere. Although most of us think of penguins as living in really cold places, there are about 10 different types of penguins that actually live in the temperate regions of South America and South of Africa.

There are some things that all penguins have in common. One of those things is that they live in the ocean as much as they live on land, about half time in the water and half time on land. The penguin diet is also very similar. Penguins eat krill, fish, squid and other kinds of smaller sea creatures that they find while fishing. Most penguins don't have any natural predators either, at least not on land, so they are usually pretty comfortable around people who want to check them out. Don't get too close to penguins in the water though, because penguins are usually on the defense since seals like to hunt them.

What is difference between different types of penguins? Mainly key features like where theylive, coloration, breeding rituals or practices, and size. The biggest of all penguins is the Emperor penguin. This penguin usually stands around 4 feet tall, the size of human child! The smallest of all penguins has different nicknames like the Little Blue penguin or the Fairy penguin. This tiny bird is about 16 inches tall, and weighs only 2 pounds. That is one small penguin! The smaller penguins usually live in the warmer regions and the bigger ones live mainly in the Arctic.

What are the different kinds of penguins? Some of them have names like White-flippered, Royal, Emperor, Macaroni, Magellanic, Rockhopper and so on. As you can tell, some penguins are named for funny things they do, like the Rockhopper, and some for where they live, like the Magellanic penguin, which lives most of the time near the Magellan Straights. Some penguin types are put into groups that have similar features. One of those groups is the Crested penguin group. The penguins in this group all have colorful, flashy crests on the side of their heads as well as colored eyes and beaks.

Of all the different types of penguins there are, with all their different colorings and breeding practices, different areas where they live and sizes, one thing they all, without exception, have in common, is their ability to fascinate the animal lover in all of us. Penguins have been the main characters in some hit films lately and even advertise everything from cigarettes to computer operating systems. Penguins are a fragile creature and we need to make sure that we know them well in order to preserve their well-being.

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